Crafts from natural materials it has become the heritage of our great-grandma. Especially in the archipelago which is very abundant in natural resources that can be used as materials to make crafts. Results of handicrafts Indonesia is already recognized by various circles in foreign countries because of the crafts are made have a variety of forms. Creativity and innovation of the nation’s children can create a product that is superior craft and developed following the needs and the latest technological developments.
Natural materials as one of the basic ingredients to make a craft widely available in various regions in Indonesia. So the craft products produced is very diverse and has its own characteristics in each region. Natural material craft is a craft that is made from raw materials that have been provided by nature such as bamboo, natural fiber, rattan. Every region in Indonesia has the advantage of each depends on the basic ingredients of nature are most widely available in the vicinity. An example is in the area of Central Kalimantan widely available natural resources and sap nyatu rattan handicraft that is woven cane growing and sap nyatu.
Different again in the area Pleret (West Java) that is widely available clay so that the people living there, many make the craft of clay such as ceramics, pottery, sculptures and various other crafts. Ebony plants, many in the region met in Palu so craft the most developed there is the craft of black wood.
HANDICRAFTS FROM NATURAL MATERIALS
Cultural treasures that exist in Indonesia is one of the things that led to the emergence of the diversity of handicraft products of the archipelago.
Craft materials from nature are scattered throughout the archipelago. Tersebutlah natural material which is used as one of handicraft products made of clay, bamboo, wood, metal, stone, natural fibers and animal skins. Here are various examples of crafts from natural materials that are made from various materials.
1. CRAFTS FROM NATURAL MATERIALS OF CLAY
Craft of clay we have encountered in Indonesia. A variety of crafts can be made from clay like pottery, tile, ceramic and also other types of crafts made as decoration or as household utensils. Clay that has elastic properties, Platis making it easier to be formed into various shapes. For craft-making process is mostly still use the traditional way that still rely on the skills of human hands. Several stages usually take to make the craft of clay begins Preparation clay formation process, drying, burning, Completion. Here are some examples of the craft of clay.
A. CRAFT CERAMIC
Art pottery is hand crafted using raw materials of clay made through various processes. Techniques used in the manufacture of ceramics such as massage, butsir, pili, combustion and final process is glatsir so unusual produce a beautiful ornamental products.
B. CRAFT GERABAH
Judging from the quality of materials used is almost the same as the actual pottery ceramics. But some people interpret separate between pottery and ceramics. Reason being used is because ceramic is breakable objects whose surface is smooth and shiny as porcelain is usually in the form of vases, tiles, jars etc. While the pottery is made using only the items which is usually a clay pot, pot, where water and so forth.
C. CRAFT OR TEKO POCI
Carafe or pitcher is an object that is used to brew tea or other herbal mixture in hot water. The hallmark of the pot usually has holes and closed at the top and handles on the back and kettles on the front. The function of each part is at the top to pour hot water into the pot, the handle for grip while kettles front for ease of pouring water into a glass.
2. FIBER CRAFTS FROM NATURAL MATERIALS SOFTWARE
Crafts natural fibers are handicraft made from plant fiber material. Materials used to make these crafts are usually derived from the leaves, stems of certain plants that have fiber. Material selection should pay attention to the quality of the plant itself in order to know the level of strength, flexibility and durability of the material. Here are the ingredients of nature are typically used to make crafts from natural fibers.
A. NATURAL FIBER CRAFTS MATERIALS hyacinth
Water hyacinth is a floating water plants that grow above the water surface. Speed mumps hyacinth plant grows quickly so that this plant is considered a weed that damage aquatic environment. In Indonesia mumps hyacinth is a plant that is easy to find. Indeed, for the layman this plant is considered as weeds but for creative people who live in Kulon Progo, Ambarawa water hyacinth into a promising source of income. These plants can be processed into a craft because the fiber is strong and easy to set up. To use the water hyacinth as craft materials must first be drying to dry the plant is new in the take fiber to make a variety of crafts.
B. CRAFTS FROM NATURAL MATERIALS LEAF PANDAN
Crafts from pandan leaves is a craft that is made by weaving pandanus leaf is dried into a variety of woven handicrafts such as mats, prayer rug pads, hats and various other crafts. Raw materials from the leaves and match can be managed in a simple manner and using simple equipment. Pandan leaves to process into material ready for weaving requires some process. First pandan leaves are cut with sizes ranging from 1 cm to 3 cm depending on the need, after the dun pandan boiled for 30 minutes and then dried by drying in a cool, keep it away from direct sunlight. Once let stand for 6 hours pandan leaves soaked in water for 4 hours. After that, pandan leaves dried in the sun until whitish. And pandan leaves ready to be made a craft.
C. CRAFT OF NATURAL MATERIALS coconut husk
coconut tree can indeed be regarded as a versatile tree. Because almost all parts of the tree can be utilized by humans. From the root to the leaves of the coconut can be used for human purposes. One part of the oil that is rarely used by laymen is coir or coconut fibers (the skin of the fruit of the coconut). Palm fruit from the skin this can be obtained by natural fiber materials can be processed into handicraft products. One of the products that can be made from coconut fiber material is mat, broom, coconet and various other crafts.
D. CRAFT OF NATURAL MATERIALS of banana
Most people consider banana is a dry waste which do not function at all. Sometimes even burnt banana leaves and because it is considered as trash littering the garden. But now in the hands of creative people banana leaves can be made into a variety of crafts of high economic value. Lots of today’s craft made of banana like a Kleenex, painting, sandals, painting and pencil. This gives us inspiration if we are a little more creative and diligent even garbage can be turned into a blessing. To know the craft of the banana you can read other articles about the craft of banana.
E. LEATHER CRAFTS FROM NATURAL MATERIALS CORN
Of course you are already familiar with this plant right? Yes, corn is a staple crop that is usually planted by some farmers in Indonesia. Regular corn fruit used is part of its course because of this that has a high economic value while the corn husk usually only made in animal feed or burned because it is considered as junk. But you know that the skin janggung it can be processed into a product that has a sale value high enough? With skill and perseverance corn husks can be made of craft products such as wreaths, hats, bags and other handicrafts depending creativity.
3. NATURE OF WOOD CRAFT MATERIALS
INDONESIA HAVE MANY DIFFERENT TROPICAL FOREST THE WEALTH OF NATURAL WOOD STORING THE LARGEST IN THE WORLD.
The resulting wood also has various types such as teak, mahogany, ironwood, ironwood, and other types of wood with different textures. Craft of wood is hand crafted utilizing wood as the primary material in the manufacturing process. The process of making craft of wood has several construction techniques including carving techniques, lathe, carving technique, strol, connect either by way of construction or using glue or nails. For craft with carving techniques usually begins with a sketch on wood and carved with a chisel way.
Wooden craft is a craft that has been occupied by the people in Indonesia since the first. Results of wooden craft was already very well known to foreign tourists because of the quality of craft that are above average. The many types of wood that are in different regions adds to the diversity of handicrafts made of wood.
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